Welcome to the world of Arabic, a sixth most spoken language and a formal language of over 20 countries. More than 1.9 billion Muslims speak this dialect five times in their prayers. While Arabic may present some learning challenges because of its rich and complex grammar structure, it is not that hard. This lovely language is a composition of flourishing shapes, joined delicately to one another. Any person can read or understand a text written fourteen centuries ago. But, as with all worthy things, most non-Arabs find it hard to read the Quran with Tajweed. This article makes this job as painless as possible for you. And when you work your way through it, you will be able to recite the Quran in Arabic like a pro.
Like English and other Roman languages, a set of grammar rules govern Arabic. Grammar is the base of any language; it’s a glue that binds different elements of language together. It allows us to communicate using a defined set of rules. I walk you step by step and guide you to cherish and succeed in this learning experience. And when you master those rules, you will be to recite the Quran like a native speaker.
1. First Thing First: Learn How the Arabic Root System Works!
Your learning to recite the Quran in Arabic starts with the know-how of a root system. Arabic contains words derived from a root form, a base from which you can form many words. For example, the base form دَرَسَ means “to study.” If you change that word to یُدَرِسُ, it means “to teach.” And when you change it further to مَدرسۃ, it means “a place where you study.”
The point here is that the form and meaning of the word change by just making changes like adding or deleting a letter in one root. You can derive up to forty words from that root word. You won’t find this in any other language in the world.
2. Nouns and Adjectives Would Help in Reciting the Quran in Arabic!
Nouns and adjectives are two of the essential elements in any language. They are the parts of speech used in Arabic to name a person, place, thing, quality, or action. But adjectives modify nouns. Although both go hand in hand, the best way to understand how they work in Arabic is to address each separately.
Every noun has a masculine, feminine, singular, and plural form. And an adjective must agree with the noun it modifies in both gender and plurality. While nouns in Arabic come before adjectives, nouns in English always come after their adjectives.
3. An Understanding of Definite and Indefinite Articles in Arabic Would Help Too!
A common trait that nouns and adjectives share in Arabic is that you can change them using definite article prefixes. An article is a part of speech that you use to point out nouns or adjectives and define their uses.
Unlike English, Arabic has no outright indefinite article; it always has an implied one. For example, when you say کتاب, you mean both “book” and “a book.” In the same way, مَدرَسۃ means both “school” and “a school.” But Arabic employs a definite article, a prefix you attach to either the noun or the adjective you want to define. For example, “the book” is “al-Kitab” (الکتاب) and “the school” is “al-madrasa (المدرسۃ). Simple, isn’t it?
4. Now You Can Form Verb-Free Sentences and Recite the Quran in Arabic
Got familiar with the basics? There you go! Now you can form the sentences, which can be nominal (subject-verb) or verbal (verb-subject) with free order. It’s a way different from English sentences that are in subject-verb order. In other words, there is no “is/are” as a proper verb in Arabic. That’s not to say that you can’t create an “is/are” sentence; you can by NOT using an actual verb.
There are two ways to form such sentences. You can manipulate definite and indefinite nouns and adjectives or pull together nouns, adjectives, and verbs. You can also create a complete sentence with a subject and a predicate without using a verb. An example is to take the definite noun الکتاب (the book) and add to it the indefinite adjective کبیر (big). The resulting phrase is الکتاب کبیر, which means the book is big.
5. Last But Not Least is Learning How Verb Tenses in Arabic Work!
Learning how verb tenses work would help you in reciting the Quran in Arabic. You’ll be happy to know that verb tenses in Arabic are simple. You only need to be concerned with two proper verb forms: the past and the present. A future tense also exists, but it’s a derivative of the present that you achieve by attaching a prefix to the present tense of the verb.
The Past Tense
It is one of the easiest structures in Arabic. Every regular verb follows a very strict pattern. First, you refer to all regular verbs in the past tense using the ھُوَ (he) personal pronoun. Second, most verbs in this form have three consonants that come with the same vowel: the fat.hah that creates a “ah” sound. For instance, the verb کَتَبَ (“wrote”) in the past tense is ka.ta.ba. Its three consonants are “k,” “t,” and “b.” Some more examples include “اکل” (ate), “فعل” (did), “ذھب” (went), and “قراٗ” (read).
The Present Tense
Unlike the past tense, conjugating verbs in the present tense is a bit trickier. Instead of changing only the ending of the verb, you must also change its beginning. In other words, you need to be familiar with the suffix and the prefix that corresponds to each personal pronoun.
Still Finding it Hard to Recite the Quran in Arabic?
I assume that you’ve so far learned some basics to recite the Quran in Arabic. But if you’re still finding it hard, never fear. 92Campus has tutors to explain the grammar rules that govern Arabic in the easiest and most interactive way possible. They have years of experience in helping students like you to master linguistic concepts with greater ease.
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